小白学 VUE 系列之动画过渡

进入/离开 & 列表过渡

Vue 在插入、更新或者移除 DOM 时,提供多种不同方式的应用过渡效果

单元素/组件的过渡

Vue 提供了 transition 的封装组件,在下列情形中,可以给任何元素和组件添加进入/离开过渡

过渡流程

描述

例如

<div id="demo">
  <button v-on:click="show = !show">
    Toggle
  </button>
  <transition name="fade">
    <p v-if="show">hello</p>
  </transition>
</div>

我们点击按钮,这个是没有写CSS是没有动画效果的

.fade-enter-active, .fade-leave-active {
  transition: opacity .5s;
}
.fade-enter, .fade-leave-to /* .fade-leave-active below version 2.1.8 */ {
  opacity: 0;
}

其中开头name="fade" 就是CSS的类名。

你使用了<transition name="my-transition">,那么 v-enter 会替换为 my-transition-enter

CSS 过渡

<div id="example-1">
  <button @click="show = !show">
    Toggle render
  </button>
  <transition name="slide-fade">
    <p v-if="show">hello</p>
  </transition>
</div>
/* 可以设置不同的进入和离开动画 */
/* 设置持续时间和动画函数 */
.slide-fade-enter-active {
  transition: all .3s ease;
}
.slide-fade-leave-active {
  transition: all .8s cubic-bezier(1.0, 0.5, 0.8, 1.0);
}
.slide-fade-enter, .slide-fade-leave-to
/* .slide-fade-leave-active for below version 2.1.8 */ {
  transform: translateX(10px);
  opacity: 0;
}

CSS 动画

<div id="example-2">
  <button @click="show = !show">Toggle show</button>
  <transition name="bounce">
    <p v-if="show">Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipiscing elit. Mauris facilisis enim libero, at lacinia diam fermentum id. Pellentesque habitant morbi tristique senectus et netus.</p>
  </transition>
</div>
.bounce-enter-active {
  animation: bounce-in .5s;
}
.bounce-leave-active {
  animation: bounce-in .5s reverse;
}
@keyframes bounce-in {
  0% {
    transform: scale(0);
  }
  50% {
    transform: scale(1.5);
  }
  100% {
    transform: scale(1);
  }
}

自定义过渡的类名

  • enter-class
  • enter-active-class
  • enter-to-class
  • leave-class
  • leave-active-class
  • leave-to-class
<link href="https://cdn.jsdelivr.net/npm/animate.css@3.5.1" rel="stylesheet" type="text/css">

<div id="example-3">
  <button @click="show = !show">
    Toggle render
  </button>
  <transition
    name="custom-classes-transition"
    enter-active-class="animated tada"
    leave-active-class="animated bounceOutRight"
  >
    <p v-if="show">hello</p>
  </transition>
</div>

显性的过渡持续时间

<transition :duration="1000">...</transition>
<transition :duration="{ enter: 500, leave: 800 }">...</transition>

JavaScript 钩子

<script src="https://cdnjs.cloudflare.com/ajax/libs/velocity/1.2.3/velocity.min.js"></script>

<div id="example-4">
  <button @click="show = !show">
    Toggle
  </button>
  <transition
    v-on:before-enter="beforeEnter"
    v-on:enter="enter"
    v-on:leave="leave"
    v-bind:css="false"
  >
    <p v-if="show">
      Demo
    </p>
  </transition>
</div>

new Vue({
  el: '#example-4',
  data: {
    show: false
  },
  methods: {
    beforeEnter: function (el) {
      el.style.opacity = 0
      el.style.transformOrigin = 'left'
    },
    enter: function (el, done) {
      Velocity(el, { opacity: 1, fontSize: '1.4em' }, { duration: 300 })
      Velocity(el, { fontSize: '1em' }, { complete: done })
    },
    leave: function (el, done) {
      Velocity(el, { translateX: '15px', rotateZ: '50deg' }, { duration: 600 })
      Velocity(el, { rotateZ: '100deg' }, { loop: 2 })
      Velocity(el, {
        rotateZ: '45deg',
        translateY: '30px',
        translateX: '30px',
        opacity: 0
      }, { complete: done })
    }
  }
})

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